The strategic importance of oil resources in World War II also showed in campaigns such as: The British had identified the importance of Germany's fuel supplies before the war in their "Western Air Plan 5(c)". Working from German records for certain sites, the USSBS determined that on average 87% of Allied bombs fell outside the factory perimeter and that only a few percent struck plant or equipment inside the boundary. On 20 June oil targets were made third priority below the German aircraft industry and lines of communication between Germany and the armies at the front. [17]:287 The Allied oil campaign of World War II[6]:11 pitted the RAF and the USAAF against facilities supplying Nazi Germany with petroleum, oil, and lubrication (POL) products. In 1943 all the synthetic (hydrogenation + Fischer-Tropsch processes)plants produced 3,431,000 tons of all products (aviation, motor, diesel fuels). Is the ''o'' in ''osara'' (plate) an honorific o 御 or just a normal o お? 2003-09-08T12:35. The next tier includes Indonesia and Iran (about 8 million MT each), trailed by Mexico and Romania (6 million MT each). Values shown are in thousands of barrels produced per day. Has there ever been anything like the oil boom we see today? At the start of Barbarossa, what was the state of Germany's oil supply? Instead for the Allies it was pretty irrilevant (USA oil production of 1937: 172,866,000 t). Under this OPEC+ agreement (as of January 2019, extended and strengthened in 2020), crude oil production declined by 4.9% in Saudi Arabia and stabilised in Russia (+0.8%), whereas Nigeria kept on raising its production (+4.8%). Also, the innovations in chemistry that helped with synthetic oil production in Germany and how the synthetic oil shaped Hitler’s WWII plans and strategy in Europe were presented. Interestingly, Saudi Arabia is not on the list! my math gives 3.4 million barrels a day for 1939. What was the state of the art of salt production before the invention of graduation towers? Iran and Iraq are on the list, though. At the start of the war, the Soviet Union suffered loss of valuable lands with economic and agricultural potential, great industrial losses and human casualties. In March 1944 the "Plan for Completion of Combined Bomber Offensive" was put forward which found favour with the British Ministry of Economic Warfare. @DrZ214: That was true in 1938, but of course it changed "afterward." league of nations yearbook would have a reasonable summary. Harris agreed to divert spare effort to oil targets. I chose one with a 1940 column, even though some spaces were not filled in due to war. Oil from synthetic plants, small fields in the Reich and Hungary, and the important Romanian Ploesti fields were other sources. Thanks, I opened a new question about it so we can get more info: US companies found oil in Saudi Arabia in 1938 and the production began in 1941. After the US entered the war (December 1941), it carried out daytime "precision bombing" attacks – such as Operation Tidal Wave against refineries in Romania in 1943. Figure 1.--Before World War II, Germany was importing most of its oil From the United States or from countries with oil industries dominted by the Seven Sisters (five Americn and two European-owned gint oil compnies). So while geology, geography and politics play a part, capitalism also plays a large part with oil companies from Britain, the US, Netherlands and France all wanting a slice of the action and everyone prepared to do deals to make money from oil. ShellCheck warning regarding quoting ("A"B"C"). The Norwegian government rejected the German ultimatum regarding immediate capitulation. What exactly is BR Mitchell? The current level of U.S. crude oil production as of December 2020 is 11,000.00 thousand barrels per day. The Oil Production Story: Pre- and Post-Peak Nations. Here is a link with annual oil production in metric tons (Mt), 1936-1948. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Service. [5]:320 However, due to bad fall and winter weather, a "far greater tonnage" was expended on Transportation Plan targets than oil targets. The annual Japanese armaments and military equipment production (excluding ammunition ) and a comparison of the necessary strategic raw materials. Norway - Norway - World War II: With the outbreak of hostilities in 1939, Norway again declared itself neutral. (author Donald Miller). The next tier includes Indonesia and Iran (about 8 million MT each), trailed by Mexico and Romania (6 million MT each). Apparently they had not yet found oil there. Figures are for the oil campaign in the last year of the war.[30]:158. Are SpaceX Falcon rocket boosters significantly cheaper to operate than traditional expendable boosters? The US is by far and away the world's largest oil producer (over 180 million MT in 1940), followed by the Venezuela and the Soviet Union (30 and 27 million MT respectively). The RAF viewed Axis oil as a "vital centre",[10] and in February 1941, the British Air Staff expected that RAF Bomber Command would, by destruction of half of a list of 17 targets, reduce Axis oil production capacity by 80%.[11]. The United States of America is the top country by production of crude oil in the world. This video ranks the top 15 countries in the world by oil production from 1965 to 2018. CRUDE OIL PRODUCTION DURING WORLD WAR II: TABLES OF PRODUCTION: THESE FIRST TWO TABLE ARE FROM "NEW HORIZONS" BY HENRIETTA M. LARSON, EVELYN H. KNOWLTON AND CHARLES S. POPPLE: World War II: A Statistical Survey: by John Ellis Table 81: Annual Allied and Axis Crude Oil Production 1939-45 : a metric ton of crude oil is equal to aprox. Warmaking potential in 1937: Wartime expenditures during the Second World War 1939-1945: Price value of the arms production in 1940 and 1941 in Billion U.S. dollars (for prices in 1944: $1 = c.£0.21 = c.RM 2.22): Military Arms Production Index of Germany: Value and index of military arms productio… What was the strategic importance of Moscow to the Soviet Union in Dec 1941? Statistics on the JetPunk quiz Top 20 Oil Producing Countries in 1940. On April 9, 1940, German troops invaded the country and quickly occupied Oslo, Bergen, Trondheim, and Narvik. The plan proposed attacking "fourteen synthetic plants and thirteen refineries" of Nazi Germany. During the war the effort expended against POL targets varied, with relative priority sometimes given to other objectives such as to defeating the German V-weapon attacks or to preparations for the invasion of western Europe in 1944. Circa 1940, what was the oil production of each nation? Why was Yehoshua chosen to lead the Israelits and not Kaleb? The oil campaign was the first to accomplish these goals. History, Military production, WW2 / April 10, 2020 April 10, 2020 / Leave a Comment / By Kretaner / japan / 1 minute of reading Military production and imports of Japan in World War II. Britain had excellent supplies of high-grade petroleum from the then Anglo-Iranian oil company fields and one of the world’s leading refineries at Abadan. The nation has a … The oil production of Middle East was not exceptional, but would have been of great help for the Axis (that was mostly based on Rumanian oil: 7,153,000 t in 1937 and 6,603,000 in 1938). German oil supplies came from three different sources: imports of crude and finished petroleum products from abroad, production by domestic oil fields, and syntheses of petroleum products from coal. "[33], The following statistics are from the British Bombing Survey Unit. Military production during World War II was a critical component to military performance during World War II. They were deemed to be of such importance that one raid was staged that consisted only of bomb carrying fighters, to rest the bomber crews and surprise the defenders. Select features from the attributes table without opening it in QGIS. Overview about the relative comparison of the military production and wartime expenditures of the Axis and Allies in World War II. Although the Butt Report of August 1941 identified the poor accuracy and performance of RAF bombing,[9]:70–71 Air Chief Marshal Arthur Harris maintained at the subsequent Casablanca Conference the great importance of oil targets in Axis territory. While Russia has fallen in the ranks, it remains one of the world's top oil producers, with an … [18] Of itself, German industry was not significantly affected by attacks on oil targets as coal was its primary source of energy. "[4]:412–4 World War II: Japan and Oil (1939-45) Figure 1.--Japan was almost completely dependent on imported oil for its economy and military. [27] In October 1975, Texas A&M University began the German Document Retrieval Project and completed a report on 28 April 1977. http://digital.library.northwestern.edu/league/le0280ah.pdf, (Mt means millions of metric tons of crude oil produced for the whole year). Azerbaijan, officially by its full name – the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic, entered World War II alongside the Soviet Union, after the German declaration of war on June 22, 1941.Azerbaijan's oilfields were enticing to the Germans due to the USSR's heavy dependency on Caucasus oil – setting the scene for German campaigns attempting to capture and seize the oilfields … Even with the weather limitations: "This was the big breakthrough ... a plant would be wounded ... by successive attacks on its electrical grid—its nervous system—and on its gas and water mains." Iran - 155 billion barrels. @pugsville Thanks, but I'm confused about pages 131 and 132. Thanks to user:pugsville for pointing out the League of Nations reports. To prevent oil supplies from Romania reaching Germany, the RAF had extended its aerial mining activities to the Danube. To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. There are more, but I didn't bother including nations that produced less than a million metric tons of crude oil in one year (except Egypt because it was pretty close). And most of those imports came from America. I'm looking for a source that lists all crude oil production by each nation, as it was in 1940. rev 2020.12.18.38240, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, History Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us. [12] The first US bombing of a European target was of the Ploieşti refineries on 12 June 1942 and the oil campaign continued at a lower priority until 1944. Who were the highest-ranking officers of each belligerent nation, who parachuted with troops in Operation Market Garden? [clarification needed] The USSBS believed that Bomber Command's heavy bombs – 4,000-pound (1,800 kg) Blockbuster bombs – were more effective than an equivalent weight of smaller bombs. At various times during WW2 Germany had 10 to 18 synthetic oil production facilities. This is a list of countries by oil production, as compiled from the U.S. Energy Information … "[5]:311[23], Joint Chiefs of Staff Directive 1067 prohibited German post-war production of oil through July 1947, and the United States Army made post-war provisions to rehabilitate and use petroleum installations where needed, as well as to dispose of unneeded captured equipment. One of the most notable air bombardments was the attack on the oil fields of Ploieşti (Ploesti) on August 1, 1943. Albert Speer, writing in his memoir, said that "It meant the end of German armaments production. Page 132 is production of. [9]:56–57 Sir Charles Portal was sceptical of the likelihood of success, saying that only a few targets could be located by average crews under moonlit conditions. In all, the Romanian refineries in Ploiesti represented a full 30% of Axis oil … The top 5 countries also includes Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, China, and Iraq. [20] The benzol (oil) plant at Linz in Austria was bombed on 16 October 1944.[21]. Farbenindustrie, A. G., Works, Ludwigshafen and Oppau", Air operations during the Battle of Europe, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Oil_campaign_of_World_War_II&oldid=995919872, Campaigns, operations and battles of World War II involving the United Kingdom, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from August 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 16:06. How was beer production affected by the war during WW2? Maxwell equations as Euler-Lagrange equation without electromagnetic potential, Operational amplifier when the non-inverting terminal is open. But as it turns out, all nations producing more than a million tons of oil have a 1940 number. 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Paste this URL into Your RSS reader the German ultimatum regarding immediate capitulation most famous was probably Leuna could. The air Ministry 16 October 1944. [ 30 ]:159, prominent...

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